Časopis Slovo a slovesnost
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Vachek’s theory of written language revisited

A B S T R A C T
The key points of Josef Vachek’s theory of written language (Vachek, 1939, rev. 1959) can be summarized as follows: (1) Speech and writing are complementary, i.e., for a given communicative situation, one is more convenient than the other. Writing serves, as a rule, more specialized functions (purposes) than speech does, which makes it the marked member of the pair. (2) Writing is (a) governed by a norm of its own (social aspect), and (b) no longer a second-order semiotic system for experienced readers (cognitive aspect). Quite recently, Adam (2009) has criticized Vachek’s approach as being old-fashioned and empirically inadequate, and has suggested replacing it with a theory based “on the substance only”. The purpose of the present paper is to recall Vachek’s theory and to demonstrate that most of Adam’s arguments are irrelevant or misleading

Key words: linguistic norm, speech and writing, silent reading, Josef Vachek
Klíčová slova: jazyková norma, mluvení a psaní, tiché čtení, Josef Vachek

Daný článek je on-line k dispozici v databázi CEEOL.

Slovo a slovesnost, ročník 72 (2011), číslo 2, s. 118-129

Předchozí Josef Štěpán: Polovedlejší věty se spojkami jestli, pokud, aby v současné češtině

Následující Zdeňka Hladká: František Čermák a kolektiv: Slovník české frazeologie a idiomatiky