Časopis Slovo a slovesnost
en cz

Teorie optimality a slovotvorba

Pavel Štichauer



Optimality Theory and word-formation

The present article is a brief overview of some of the papers that have recently attempted to apply Optimality Theory to word-formation. After an introduction to the main ideas of OT, a survey of some of the most important constraints on word-formation processes is presented. Against the background of two French nouns, avionneur and campaniste, widely discussed in Dal & Namer (2005) and J. Štichauer (2006), respectively, it is argued that an OT account that would go beyond the well-established phonological constraints, trying to integrate some of the semantic ones, would encounter problems. In fact, it is not clear under what ranking and under what exact constraints other possible outputs (e.g. avionniste versus avionneur, campanier versus campaniste) are to be evaluated. Nevertheless, the idea of constraint interaction, based on a ranking of violable restrictions, is emphasized as an interesting framework quite different from the classic rule/exception dichotomy.

Key words: Optimality Theory, word-formation
Klíčová slova: teorie optimality, slovotvorba

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Ústav románských studií FF UK v Praze, odd. italianistiky
nám. Jana Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1

Slovo a slovesnost, ročník 70 (2009), číslo 1, s. 36-48

Předchozí Helena Lehečková: Afázie jako zdroj poznatků o fungování jazyka

Následující Ivo Vasiljev: Monica Heller: Linguistic Minorities and Modernity: A Sociolinguistic Ethnography