Several theoretical and methodological notes on the Grammar of Contemporary Czech
A B S T R A C T
The article is concerned with the critical analysis of some aspects of the methodology and language theory on which Mluvnice současné češtiny [Grammar of Contemporary Czech] (Cvrček et al. 2010) is based. First, the statement by the authors of Mluvnice současné češtiny concerning the character of the description of language and its relationship to reality is criticized. Specifically, it is argued that the use of corpora does not lead to the recognition of “real” language properties, since every description of reality is an interpretation. The idea concerning the representativeness of corpus is also called into question. Furthermore, a serious statistical deficiency is revealed. Namely, it is demonstrated that the assignment of difference expressed by a percentage as significant (or non-significant) is unacceptable – the results should be interpreted using common statistical methods. Next, fundamental problems of the semantic theory (naive mentalism) used in Mluvnice současné češtiny are discussed. A rather different view of a semantic analysis based on experimental methodology is mentioned as an alternative to the traditional approach. Finally, the langue-parole dichotomy, viewed by the author as a residue of Platonism, is argued to be inconsistent with the empirical methodological approach adopted by the authors of Mluvnice současné češtiny.
Key words: Czech, grammar, methodology, statistical test, semantics
Klíčová slova: čeština, mluvnice, metodologie, statistický test, sémantika
Daný článek je on-line k dispozici v databázi CEEOL.
Katedra obecné lingvistiky FF UP
Křížkovského 10, 771 80 Olomouc
Slovo a slovesnost, ročník 73 (2012), číslo 3, s. 208-216
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Následující Ivo Vasiljev: Pavel Novák: Lingvistika a jazyková realita: Výbor z díla