Časopis Slovo a slovesnost
en cz

Žánrová preference v narativech dětí mladšího školního věku

Silvie Cinková, Anežka Náhlíková

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Genre preferences in the narratives of younger school children

A B S T R A C T
In this paper, we present an analysis of hypothesized sex-specific genre preferences in spontaneous narratives in a corpus of 286 transcribed recordings of younger school children (aged 6–11). We draw upon Nicolopoulou’s conception of narratives as a symbolic activity with sex-specific tendencies: girls prefer the “family” genre and boys prefer the “heroic-agonistic” one. We operationalized Nikolopoulou’s genre classification into 10 thematic narrative features and annotated their respective presence or absence in each narrative. The application of a combination of statistical methods to our sample revealed that the sex-correlated narrative preferences are so weak that they have no implications, e.g. for school practice. The most prominent result, in fact, even counters the a priori assumption of sex-based narrative preferences: no matter what sex or age, children show a strong preference for “mutual aid and cooperation”.

Key words: narrative, interpretive sociocultural approach, family genre, heroic-agonistic genre, younger school-aged children
Klíčová slova: narativum, interpretativní sociokulturní přístup, rodinný žánr, hrdinský žánr, děti mladšího školního věku

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Ústav formální a aplikované lingvistiky MFF UK
Malostranské nám. 25, 118 00 Praha 1
cinkova@ufal.mff.cuni.cz

Ústav českého jazyka a teorie komunikace FF UK
nám. Jana Palacha 2, 116 38 Praha 1
Anezka.Nahlikova@seznam.cz

Slovo a slovesnost, ročník 80 (2019), číslo 3, s. 192–214

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